The history of cannabis dates back as far as the written language. Cannabis is derived from cannabis sativa, a prolific plant genus most known for its medicinal and recreational uses. In tropical and temperate areas of the world, it grows wild and is cultivated for its therapeutic and curative properties. While cannabis thrives in nearly any climate, today it is often raised by means of indoor hydroponic technology.
Cannabis contains hundreds of active compounds and there are thousands of strains under different names available worldwide. THC and CBD are two of the most well-known compounds. THC or delta-9 tetrahydro-cannabinol is the main active ingredient in cannabis and is the part of the plant that creates a “high” sensation. CBD or cannabidiol is found in the resinous flower of cannabis and can lessen or neutralize the psychoactive effects of THC. Both offer tremendous therapeutic benefits.
Marijuana, hashish, and hash oil are the three main forms of cannabis. Marijuana is produced from the dried flowers and leaves of the plant and is the least potent of all cannabis products. Hashish comes from the resin of the cannabis plant while hash oil, the most potent cannabis product, is a heavy oil made from hashish.